It was used by herbalists externally to treat sprains, swelling, ulcers, and bleeding. Internally, a tea made from sage leaves has had a long history of use to treat sore throats and coughs; often by gargling. It was also used by herbalists for rheumatism, excessive menstrual bleeding, and to dry up a mother's milk when nursing was stopped. It was particularly noted for strengthening the nervous system, improving memory, and sharpening the senses.
Sub-shrub, 2 feet. One of the less decorative Sag , but
valuable for bees. The ﬂowers are smaller than those of
most Sages. Can be raised either from seed or from
cuttings. Sow seed in May in drills half an inch deep.
Both seedlings and cuttings should be put in their
permanent positions in autumn. A dry, moderately
fertile soil is best suited to their growth, in somewhat
Sage has one of the longest histories of use of any culinary or medicinal herb. Ancient Egyptians used it as a fertility drug (Bown, 1995). In the first century C.E. Greek physician Dioscorides reported that the aqueous decoction of sage stopped bleeding of wounds and cleaned ulcers and sores. He also recommended sage juice in warm water for hoarseness and coughs.
Sage was officially listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia from 1840 to 1900.